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Sunday, September 13, 2015

¿Mexicans, at the cry of war or Mexicans, you will cry so much?

¿Mexicans, at the cry of war or Mexicans, you will cry so much?

By Jimmy Knigth nickname Rich Chicken

I wonder if the descent of Don Aurelio Nuño, Secretary of Public Education in Mexico, is Catalan. Its draft policy to make our country a bilingual society Salvador Sostres reminded me: "(...) is very tacky speak Spanish, I just spoke with the maid and some employees. It is poor and tacky, illiteracy and low level people speak a language that does such awful to deliver the jot noise". I was also surprised his ignorance, although it is common for fans who are unable to name three books.

Mexico is multicultural and multilingual. The holocaust is causing indigenous nations of our country is due to the structural reforms triggered by the extreme right that leads public administration precisely where education plays a central role. We will have to removing the statue of Jose Azueta in the Heroic Veracruz and rename the Navy now it is so infiltrated by the United States: US Navy Seals-Aztec.

What is the importance of learning the English language if we are a culture so different that prominent American academics equate Islam? Arabian heritage of Castilla came together with the Indian spirit, and others, to become what we are. Samuel Huntington and George Friedman called us schizophrenic, subcivilizados, narcoterrorist, Torn Countries. Hence they warn about the danger of the neighborhood, the invasion and even war. What is the meaning for Mexicans speak English if Donald Trump wins the US presidency and finish building the border fence, whether WASP want nothing to Mexico?

Modernity and neoliberalism via Anglo are impossible. Huntington has shown in his writings that are anti-Western civilizations and antianglos who manage to raise its growth and strength: China, Russia and Iran. Latin America (Hispanic Land) is the best example in those non-Western societies where cultural assimilation is tested metastases, it characterized modernity frustrated only by fashion, sodas, burgers and music is generated. The southern United States has been the largest recipient of Latin American immigration space, California and Texas are the representative areas of a region where there is little need to speak English to develop economically. Thousands of hispan, despite the WASP xenophobia, work every day and are fundamental to improving their communities of origin and receiving. Mexico has a great debt to them and make public policies are needed to defend and not to change the Latin American culture. Transculturation there, but that's by language or changing values.

Probably the SEP (Education Minister) is considering new educational texts: America for Dummies or Ask a Yankee. But I do not think so sympathy of people like Donald Trump and the Tea Party will win. We are as we are and both modernity and neoliberalism should be our way. That is the challenge, give the future at our circumstances. Globalization is multicultural and sense of belonging is not up for discussion.

Handsome are useless Mexicans, says Martha Ericka Alonso Moreno Valley (which will be chosen it then?), And that's what happens with Golden Boys of Henry Rock. Every day surpass category Mirreyes that Ricardo Raphael charged and them are shows the Faculty Club or Yuppie Way who will study abroad but does not stop being accepted or being. Sooner or later ends up Selena Gomez and Selena Quintanilla, feel needs to be addressed and to insert identity in a pluralistic globalization.

Jose Fuentes Mares and Daniel Cosio Villegas complained of profound ignorance that Mexico has in North America. Americanólogos are needed, we must speak English but also think and speak American to generate bilateral relations and benefit ultimately our country. It is not modern to go to Harvard or Oxford, tie and dress Bostonians, use digital devices and speak English. There are several Mexican governors and Latin American presidents who are all that and behave like satraps or ISIS members of Al Qaeda; revealing his Arab lineage safely. Modernity implies a reconciliation between being of people and the time of progress, that's what not understand Huntington or Trump, neither Obama or the WASP.

Can he serve the English language to compete in the international arena and discover our membership or only Mexico aims to make a clone of the Philippines and Puerto Rico now that the Gringo´s Money are with Cuba? The American pro-establishment never accept Mexico; despite everything he did Michael Jackson was never WASP.

Other illustrious graduate of the Universidad Iberoamericana, Lic. Vicente Fox Quezada, promoted a rapprochement with America that ended in failure. The experience should serve to understand what American thinking and, of course, give more value to Mexican migrants in the formulation of public policies. It is true that education plays a fundamental role to modernize; however, the experience of countries such as Poland, Hungary, Russia and the Democratic Republic of Germany, was not teaching English the way. We must have a true scientific policy, search and avoid brain drain. Give value to the local practical sense, understand the uniqueness of identity, developing the technologies and include the criterion of peasant and indigenous communities is what the path of Mexican modernity will have to do. However, Oaxaca and Chiapas contribute more to globalization than the frivolous aspiracionismo right.

While no one Native Son rule in our country, making our mistakes remain actually a tragicomedy. There is no single path to modernity and RE-KNOW the country becomes an obligation to develop it successfully. The betrayal of the Mexican right only slows an identity that, despite them, is and will continue earning its place in globalization.

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Tuesday, September 01, 2015

And where is El Yunque?

And where is El Yunque?
By Diego Velázquez Martín Caballero

It has been left to run the idea that, within the PAN, the coalition that forms the morenovallismo has decided to remove the interest of the Mexican far right and the maderismo. In fact, however, this situation shows a simulation and strategy that must be reported to rehabilitate politics not only within the country but the PAN.

The aberrant adoption of the state law, which prohibits almost independent electoral participation by the PAN parliamentary group in Puebla, was based on the argument that says: Behind the movements and independent candidates is El Yunque! Nothing is more false and misleading. Those who disagree with the policies morenovallistas are worthy characters from all social classes, ideological orientations, Puebla regions, races and genders; because all of them have confronted the state executive power. El Yunque -in his Morelos, Guanajuato and Puebla version is next, in front of and behind the PAN fraction morenovallista if anyone wants to find out. And, of course, with the head of the national executive.

Mexican far right is an elitist and generational realignment. A traditional groups must now add the renewal painting Opus Dei, the Legionaries of Christ, Schoenstatt Movement, House on the Rock and other followers organizations prosperity theology openly confronted with the Vatican that leads Mario Bergoglio. Christian neogerencialismo companies represented in the scandal until passing from Atlacomulco Cantabria. This is the Consortium which meant Javier Corral.

The Puebla governor opted for the succession of Enrique Peña Nieto on the same lane, only the route is already occupied and exercised extreme authoritarianism in Puebla warns the cliff. The unfolding struggle to reject the democratic involution is not representative of Yunque but of society as a whole and desoírlo shows ignominy. National Action Puebla has melted before the power, it took less than two PAN presidential administrations in the debacle also unsigned. Carlos Arriola was not mistaken, the PAN is a political disabled.

Puebla and the country is becoming PRI. Priistas within PRI are better than priistas within other political parties. Something fundamental must be stressed after the investigation of Virgilio Andrade: They are corrupt; no assholes. And that golden rule, has regained force in the late ruling party and the presidency, is the Mexican positive law that explains the cabinet castling a tropicalized version of the Chinese model says Carlos Elizondo. Family Revolutionary is taking shape and it is likely that the peaceful mix of features to enable them to stay in power. The bet by Jose Antonio Meade left without resources to other politicians. The charisma that has won over the last decade make it the ideal successor. His catholic membership and  international financial leadership just need to add popular legitimacy and therefore the test in SEDESOL. Not all who pass by have good end; nevertheless it is a great springboard and the possibility remains.

Juan Sabines was able to make Chiapas one of the most advanced states in regional development, human rights, development and social policy. The support of international organizations, the federal government and the private sector entity promised to make the model of the Millennium Development Goals. The resounding failure was due to the personality of the character. In the end only won economic group Ricardo Salinas, Sabines had to agree their corruption with the Green Party and Chiapas remains a drag of Mexican modernity that is lagging behind in development. Something similar is seen in Puebla.

To the question that heads this reflection it is necessary to answer. El Yunque is the presidency of the republic and will take up the smile of the Lebanese, and other ready-Hispanic Cantabrian (OHL). You can only fight with the discourse of secularization and true-not liberalism that defends the market taking money from public spending; however, if the destruction of the soul it is feared, when they can least confront the theology of prosperity theology of liberation.

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Thursday, August 20, 2015

Chile for mexicans

Chile for Mexicans
By Diego Velázquez

Michel Bachelet's visit to our country is pointedly to the Mexican case. Chile has been a role model in the political and economic experiences in Latin America. Its stabilizing capitalism, its consolidated democracy and austere state, have been examples of which took lesson in academia and little in practice.

Some years ago Carlos Castillo Peraza could be seen that in the political transition process of this nation, seemed to meet the stage for slow and prolonged Mexican transition could advance. The stage of agreements and pacts between the military dictatorship after exhausting antagonistic political groups stood out. Admission consensus, strangely, allowed political and economic reforms that have regularly organized problems.

Mexico set aside covenants. Chile is admired for its economic stability and development that has generated; however, there is something more meaningful than the immunity of numbers. The pact is allowing actors are radical conspirators, offers the chance of being included and, if not, at least respected. The left is integrated with the power elite in this country and is proof of this.

Arthur Lafontaine thinks that Chile is the model par excellence of modernity Conservative. Canutos and a traditionalist Catholics make up front while defending the family, globalization and consumption. Although inequality persists and advances a new wave of violence against human rights, the Chilean model brought benefits to most of its population. What was the secret of your formula?

Augusto Pinochet, soldier whose main attribute was betraying the political leader Salvador Allende and implement the massive disappearance of opponents did not admit legal judgment on his responsibility during the dictatorship; however, it was inevitable his presence in court of history where the verdict has already been given. Did you serve something? Perhaps. The military and the oligarchy of the country have to live with the unbearable truth.

Spain and Chile were positive prototypes of democratic transitions in the twentieth century. Elites managed to mature and compromise. They did not bury or forget their past, they learned to live with it and built forward serious. Opus Dei, Canutos, landowners, military and other theologians of prosperity hardly return to exterminate indigenous, university and peasants; what does it mean to live together peacefully. The health of the neoliberal model in the South American country depends on the strength that has the political system: a system of competitive parties, alternation, political intelligence, transparency and democratic practices. Virtues that the Motherland has begun to mislead.

Mexican elites aspire to modernity Conservative like Chile. But they have failed to mature and understand that the work begins with serious and formal agreements. Covenant does not mean Conspiracy. The agreements to plunder the country, protect the greed of banks and construction companies, celebrate the execrable behavior of party inner circles, obscure the management of public assets, with impunity assassinate opponents, etc., they are incomparable with the Chilean reconciliation or Spanish.

The experience of pacts in these countries not necessarily mean forgetfulness and forgiveness. Coexistence and tolerance of different political beliefs does not prevent terror, tragedy and sadness of the story. Roberto Bolanos, an extraordinary and unbearable Chile as Mistral or Neruda, is rescued by Javier Marias in this perspective the agreement. Who is reconciled with life becomes a hero. Who kills he is not seen as a loser or his opponent. Hero is the one who supports the existence and its past. If Mexico requires democracy, development and stability, it is because the time has come where the country demands heroes.

Mexico is not the Chilean context. The right has had considerable momentum but not enough to be considered a problem. They are most concerned about the order but lack conviction, consistency and honesty. The PRI, PAN and PVEM are mainly responsible for blackmailing party-in the country. The decomposition of the left seems limitless. Who and what could agree in Mexico? Democratic devolution started in 2012 reduces the possibilities of a career as Chile, but does not involve cancellation.
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Sunday, August 09, 2015

The commission of the consortium

The commissioner of the consortium
By Diego Velázquez

The last debate between the contenders for the leadership of the PAN, revealed the profound changes that have had the representative of the national conservative party. While our country needs a modern, liberal and honest right; however, the dialogue between Ricardo Anaya and  Javier Corral lets us see that we are light years to get it.

At least one hundred years have passed of an era that served Manuel Gomez Morin to reflect and had the courage to correct their past circumstances. The essay "1915" that he wrote in 1927 shows giant influence he had that peculiar year to build the intellectual heritage. 1915 was one of the most terrible moments of the Mexican Revolution, civil war, epidemics, violence and abuse wich configurate the Mexico Bronco in full force.

Severe and complicated towards the native of Batopilas convene a so-called generation of responsible men who through legitimate, brave and honest action they propose to reduce the pain and tragedy of the Mexican state situation. How little we have changed! Every day the misery of the country and its institutions questioned the authority of democracy.

1915 seems our constant and does not arise, anywhere, the generation whose attitude move souls. The project of Manuel Gomez Morin and Efrain Gonzalez Luna has been liquidated over time. The civilian party changed for a franchise that competes in practices with the Ecologist Green Party of Mexico. Timing and dispossession define leadership in National Action. Anaya just lacks its Patilú or Montana, as appropriate.

The debate showed the deep crisis in identity, legality, values ​​and militancy that exists in the PAN. Ricardo Anaya is proof of the inconsistency that haunts this political institute. Their praises to the turncoat, mass militancy, neoliberalism assimilate technocrats Harvard. But the amazing thing was that Anaya thinks Corral and Lopez Obrador are the same. Although their curriculum portraying him as a political scientist at UNAM, tell almost Corral is a Chairo Panista did talk like that mirreyes Cumbres Institute graduates or, at least, of those who listen to the great political scientist Fernanda Familiar. Anaya just forgot to say that social movements to take to the streets of Reforma in Mexico City, they must be exterminated to match your alter ego. Certainly jumps like when phenomena like the Narvarte occur.

Anaya evaded responding to the Consortium membership. The pointing of Corral is significant because it puts on the table the debate to the organization responsible for the PAN and Mexican debacle. The Consortium is the Orchestra, the Organization, the Yunque. That Catholic Mafia pact with anyone to keep their privileges. Not human, no ideas, no values, their god is money and so they understand so well with PRI and corruption.

Anaya permanence in the CEN of PAN make inevitable some things for that political institution. For example, the presidential candidate who as governor likes to have among its employees "wet dogs". The consortium already agreed and construction is underway of a Mexican religious state. Lately, secularism has been challenged and no authority penalizes such illegal action. What is not understood is the reason that all these fundamentalist demonstrations in favor of marriage and family, do not end up accepting contraception and abortion. If you think like Anaya and Calderon, to be consistent, should understand as it is easier to remove the activists, teachers, thinkers, academics, homosexuals, peasants and indigenous people from the uterus and avoid many repressions to promote their businesses and sponsors.

The Mexican right is overly tropical. Anaya allusion to the Costa Rican confessionalism allows you to see the Venezuelan, Colombian level but above all Haitian political views.

Modernity, in all its dimensions, remains the great slope of Mexico. Gomez Morin wrote 1915 to leave at that time, not to stay there forever and wants PRIAN.

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Tuesday, July 28, 2015

¿Corruption or dispersion? Device poverty in Mexico

¿Corruption or dispersion? Device poverty in Mexico
Diego Martín Velázquez Caballero

The results on the social question in the country incite debate on development and backwardness. Poverty is advancing rapidly and implementers of public policies are lost in finding the formula that, at least, can effectively raise the issue.

Governments of all levels of government consider making it necessary to carry out social policy. And, if observed regularly, federal, state and municipal structures are there, seem to do their job. There are multitude of welfare programs for almost anyone. What's wrong then?

Lately it has begun to reinterpret the concept of overlay dispersion and poverty. This has served to justify the failures of government handouts to point out that communities in extreme poverty resulting from its remote and distant from urban centers or municipal capitals location. This, to say the bureaucracy responsible conditions access to programs and services provided by public institutions. This argument has been used to implement policies that are grounded in the displacement of indigenous groups and peasants to urban development centers. One of these was executed by Juan Sabines in Chiapas and had the name of Rural Cities. The project received support and advice from international bodies like the United Nations so that the local constitution did endorse the Millennium Development Goals. It is undeniable that the project contains an admirable rationality and planning; however, as anthropologists and social scientists ahead of that entity and the country, the Rural Cities were a failure that continues putting Chiapas behind development. The enlightened despotism was accompanied by a lack of transparency and responsible management in the construction of rural towns.

In Chiapas held a total dispossession, volleys of corruption and human rights violation impersonating one, at least, interesting modernizing model. The oligarchy that took over the project is responsible for the recent triumph of the Green Party in that entity. Social change is not made, not the interest of beneficiaries in project implementation and poverty has worsened considered. Of course, any public and private responsibility has been blamed outside of academic work.

The corruption that is done in the name of social policy concerns governments and solidarity movements. Carlos Salinas de Gortari tried to clear it through the National Solidarity Program, a social policy that managed public resources to carry most of the country's municipalities as well as of the most studied, and, unfortunately, could not avoid filled with mismanagement. Precisely Chiapas and the Zapatista Army of National Liberation demonstrated to society and the world that modernization Salinas was full of perversions.

Corruption is a major obstacle to social development in Mexico and, given its strong ability, there are few options. Exemplarily punish corrupt becomes an endless task, another choice is to achieve that while slow participatory model may invalidate abusive actors and achieve inclusion of beneficiaries in a collaborative and balances logic.

Brazilian technology of participatory budgeting has been widely cited as a mechanism that would not only have positive effects on the social issue but also as a tool of political culture. Participation allows the passage of distrust the government jointly responsible for corruption and transparency.

Combating the spread remains the focus of social policy pursued in different entities now with cheaper and ineffective models as Integrators Service Centres (CIS) or Units of Basic Services (USB) executed, especially in southern Mexico. A defect that accompanied the Rural Cities now have to add the conflict with Article 115 of the Constitution and oligarchization process associated with neo-extractivism.

The modernization accompanied by corruption will always be a combination that produces failure. Participation and organization should be prospective that must be taken seriously in the fight against poverty. Avoid the influence of people on policies that affect them evade governance and democracy, it is behavior that will result in poverty and corruption.

A State which waives such corrective intervention in the economy, encourages inequality and conflict. This is the result of decades of false liberalism that have lived in Mexico. Bosch Jaime Ros has insisted on recovering the Mexican State and then save development and growth. Maybe when society avoid corrupt disguised modernizers also find an effective strategy against poverty.

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Monday, July 20, 2015

My vote goes to Donald Trump

My vote goes to Donald Trump
Diego Velázquez

And now, how silenced the xenophobic Americans in their views of Mexico ?, in what way reject indeed the arguments of intellectuals like Samuel P. Huntington to observe the mexicanidad?
In geopolitics class I tried to persuade my students about the dark neighborhood that keeps Mexico to the north and how historically this has hurt us. The ghost of Joel Robert Poinsett appeared with all the trappings of conspiracies that have filled the embassy of the United States, at least until the time of John Gavin. The intelligent student said contrary to this idea and said something like this: do not need to send EU ambassadors as Poinsett, if Mexico has presidents as Peña Nieto. The answer provoked hilarity and, compared with relaxation that occurs in situations like that, I tried not contribute to the negative image of remembering the illustrious executive Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna -the course Poinsset ally - and counteract student opinion. However, they reminded me, Santa Anna fought against US and Peña Nieto does nothing.

Beyond the responsible caudillo figures or victims, the important thing is to analyze the recent attacks suffered by the Mexican government administration the main drug trafficker escape. The idea that everything bad that happens to Mexico is due to the proximity to the United States have recently had a proposal that deserves to be taken seriously. Republican Donald Trump has indicated the need for a bigger and stronger border wall today, to shield America from the arrival of Mexicans and their values. American businessman's claims angered many Mexican intellectuals, especially those involved in the world of entertainment and even came to answer. These opinion leaders and communication chains that support, however, projected telenovelas, music, films, events and shows where drug trafficking, murder, lawlessness, impunity, crime and prostitution are the main stars. What Donald Trump was wrong to describe Mexico?

The wall proposes the candidate for president of the United States has to do with something that, in different ways, have tried to understand the political scientists, sociologists, economists, psychologists and anthropologists; and which, according to the extensive literature that is published every year, not yet agree. When not ruled PRI of all political parties, Marco A. Almazán (See Operation PRI) referred to the phenomenon describing it as a unique force that came to legitimize the ruling party late compared with members of other political institutes. Extrapolating this idea to contemporary times, it can be said that lady captivating story ended his companions and other admirers. The name of the lady alone love many Mexicans, called Corruption.

This rooted in Mexican culture element constitutes a defense mechanism against modernity. It can be explained according to rational incentives and show that indecency is a preferred choice given the context of an institutional framework that punishes some and an economic system that provides proportional to income dynamics becomes increasingly demanding and fast. Trade liberalization radicalized monetary claims and contributed to the weakening of the government apparatus. A society that rejects the renovation and is in a context that provides profit wholesale unpunished obviously perverted. The most representative of this decomposition process and social backwardness are the politicians and businessmen. Otherwise, it is considered normal and Mexican surrealism or anomie means; It is only a consequence.

Denisse Dresser inserted to the national oligarchy capitalism friends, that space where politicians are not democrats and entrepreneurs built monopolies, and in which both actors are going to Harvard University to demonstrate that they can be more popular than Paris Hilton. The national myrreinato is proof. This mode of production generates incompetence, poverty and other diseases.

Donald Trump and his proposed wall is something that should be seriously evaluated. This is a wealthy American-globalization not only complain about the proximity to Mexico and what it has meant to his country. He is tacitly disapproving NAFTA and neoliberalism manifest discomfort. If built, it would have to be as big as the Chinese wall. A border would avoid mutual blackmail between our countries and the Mexican government would have to get to work. Losing the comfort that also represents the EU to live near, he encourages Mexico to overcome his condition. The wall and the absence of North America constitute a break, the ability to run our pace and speed of development, in the words of Ugo Pipitone, thaw our modernity, historical settings do we owe from 1810, we find our combination. This is the task that has not made the Mexican state. Donald Trump thinks it's terrible to have a neighbor like Mexico; but, after all, it is an element that helped shape EU, geopolitics has a responsibility to have halted the consolidation of the rule in our country.

To control corruption the Mexican government should punish impunity. If the bad actions have a huge chance of not being punished, the proportionality of the social decomposition proceeds unusually. Mexico requires building their state, law enforcement, something like what the United States developed internally to control the west and south of its geography.

Welcoming the idea of ​​the wall, hopefully Donald Trump also propose something about the tunnels.

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Tuesday, July 14, 2015

El poder de la Sotana. De la Cristiada hasta nuestros días

El poder de la Sotana. De la Cristiada hasta nuestros días
Alejandro C. Manjarrez
Ed. Cruman. Puebla, México. 2014

Diego Martín Velázquez Caballero
Recientemente en México se pudo comprobar el sentido opuesto de la sentencia lapidaria que se le atribuye al Gral. Porfirio Díaz acerca de la geografía fronteriza del norte del país. La visita, sin protocolo de por medio, que hace pocos meses realizó Benjamín Netanyahu a los Estados Unidos para manifestarse contra la política exterior norteamericana que ha decidido mutar sus apoyos en el Medio Oriente, deconstruyó la frase porfirista: ¡Pobre Israel! Tan cerca de Dios y tan lejos de los Estados Unidos. Si México e Israel pudieran intercambiar su ubicación, quizá las cosas mejorarían notablemente para ambos países.
El intervencionismo norteamericano es una constante global cuyos beneficios y maleficios son, la mayor parte de las veces, inexplicables. La proximidad de México y Estados Unidos genera una ambigüedad e influencia extraña. Jeffrey Davidow (2005), por ejemplo, se manifiesta confundido al tropezar con el nacionalismo trillado de algunos mexicanos, piensa que no se ha sabido aprovechar la cercanía de su país siempre dispuesto al abrigo de la democracia, la libertad, la justicia y el mercado. Una parte de la historia nacional nos dice que los norteamericanos siempre han actuado de manera arbitraria, violenta y colonialista. Estudios formales como los de José Fuentes Mares, Josefina Zoraida Vázquez, Lorenzo Meyer, James D. Cockcroft y Howard Zinn, por hacer un recorrido elemental, confirman parcialmente esta creencia. Si el exembajador estadounidense se acercara a estos autores, comprendería algunos de los hechos que condicionan la desconfianza de los mexicanos hacia Estados Unidos. Y todavía más, si se acercara a las novelas históricas comprendería que existe un mito muy arraigado de las conspiraciones norteamericanas que originan el rencor hacia su país.
Es verdad que la novela histórica tiene un efecto nocivo en el aprendizaje correcto y sensato del acontecer humano. La imaginación, enfoques holísticos y explicaciones simplificadoras, manejados irresponsablemente, pueden causar daños inconmensurables en la mentalidad e integridad física de las sociedades. No obstante, la historia requiere de esta dialéctica, de la relación dialógica entre mito, leyenda y hecho, de tal manera que las novelas y los escritos académicos sobre la historia siempre nos muestren la obra, el escenario y los autores que ayuden a evaluar la actuación humana. Si la historia tiene un sentido, seguramente es corregir y revisar el proceder del hombre. El pasado siempre estará ahí para lanzar destellos que columbran el futuro. Y, no obstante los yerros de las novelas, debe reconocerse que los grandes escritores tienen licencia de hacer todo para lograr las felices coincidencias de las que nos habla Gabriel Zaid. Esta es la bondad de la novela histórica, cuyo género socializa los mitos, dudas y verdades en forma significativa y polémica.
De las múltiples formas y eventos que ha tenido el intervencionismo norteamericano en México, Alejandro C. Manjarrez (2014) retoma las más significativas durante la presidencia del Gral. Plutarco Elías Calles y construye una trama que evidencia la importancia de este período gubernamental para la formación del sistema político mexicano.
El Gral. Plutarco Elías Calles desempeñó una complicada tarea de conducción en un mar donde las tormentas eran cotidianas. Así pues, la convergencia de la Cristiada, la sucesión presidencial, los intereses norteamericanos sobre el petróleo mexicano y las conjuras en el ejército nacional, se mantienen en el eje del espionaje haciendo que el lector no pierda, en ningún momento, el interés por la secuencia de los hechos y la evolución de la política en el país. Los primeros gobiernos revolucionarios permanecieron bajo una línea de fuego cuyos orígenes aún resulta difícil encontrar. La novela es un mapa donde se rastrean, placenteramente, a los héroes y villanos.
La interpretación que hace Alejandro C. Manjarrez permite la aproximación a personajes de los que sólo se escuchan ecos; pero, cuya participación y apoyo fue fundamental para el desenlace de ciertos eventos. El Gral. Joaquín Amaro (Loyo, 2004) y el Gral. José Álvarez y Álvarez han sido omitidos y aún repudiados por la literatura cristera y cardenista de la posteridad. Luis Rivera del Val, Pascual Ortíz Rubio y Martín Luis Guzmán, pueden ser referencias sobre el rol que se atribuyó a esos personajes. Sin embargo, la novela de Manjarrez expone como el callismo, indudablemente cruel, actúa en función de un nacionalismo que permitiría salvaguardar la soberanía del país. El General Plutarco Elías Calles quiso evitar, para sí, el desenlace que tuvo Porfirio Díaz, Francisco I. Madero o Venustiano Carranza, y –de acuerdo a Manjarrez- tuvo que actuar , incluso más allá de los convenios que Benito Juárez y los liberales, llevaron a cabo en sus relaciones con Estados Unidos. Calles obedeció los intereses geopolíticos norteamericanos; pero, también se confrontó con ellos. Pasó de la colaboración a la franca animadversión por las ambivalencias diplomáticas y, quizá entonces, sólo por un momento, pensó en el valor que tenían hombres como Francisco Villa.
El autor narra la forma en que los intereses extranjeros coinciden para atacar México. Estados Unidos y el Estado Vaticano convergen para suspender la Constitución de 1917 disponiendo cualquier acción para cumplir su objetivo. Frente al conflicto, sólo un gobierno fuerte puede evitar el desastre. A eso dispuso, el Gral. Calles, las acciones de su persona y colaboradores.
Al mismo tiempo que Alejandro C. Manjarrez, surge una novela cuyo guión es completamente antagónico. En ella, Leopoldo Mendivil López (2014) expone la forma en que la abundancia del petróleo mexicano atrae la conjunción de los intereses oligárquicos internacionales que, igualmente, usan la diplomacia y la conspiración para apoderarse de esta riqueza natural. En su obra, es la Masonería, los Rockefeller y la elite financiera de Estados Unidos quienes se apoderan del gobierno mexicano y, además del despojo cometido a la sociedad, pretenden acabar con la religión católica. Mendivil retoma los mitos históricos más característicos del catolicismo integral intransigente nacional y los modela en su ficción. Destaca en su trabajo, un ataque frontal al callismo, exhibiéndolo como agente de la masonería internacional y tiránico, así como una recapitulación del vasconcelismo esencial: humanista, nacionalista y filonazi.
En un contexto de reformas estructurales donde, además del petróleo, un gobierno priista contrarrevolucionario y confesional se encuentra externalizando el agua, el sol, la tierra y el aire, estas novelas vienen a mostrar la importancia geopolítica que tiene un país como México frente al extractivismo y la necesidad de conformar un sistema político democrático y liberal para proteger nuestros recursos. Alejandro C. Manjarrez y Leopoldo Mendivil, politizan para que se observe la urgencia de hacer algo por el país. En esencia, sus trabajos invitan a establecer las obligaciones que nos corresponden como sociedad. Su discusión sobre el pasado nos puede ayudar a conjurarlo y entender lo que tiene que hacerse.
La crisis energética y del medio ambiente provoca que las naciones hegemónicas sean, cada vez, más agresivas  y beligerantes. Los países emergentes, como México, deben consolidar sus democracias para negociar multilateralmente su posición y resguardar su independencia. La fuerza del autoritarismo genera respeto en el concierto internacional; empero, la democracia contiene un poder simbólico que genera civilización  y humanidad. Sólo un México democrático sorteará escenarios tan terribles como los que la literatura referida dibuja.

Loyo Camacho Martha Beatriz (2004) Joaquín Amaro y el proceso de institucionalización del Ejército Mexicano 1917-1931. Ed. UNAM/FCE/INEHRM/Archivo Plutarco Elías Calles y Fernando Torreblanca. México
Davidow Jeffrey (2005) El oso y el puercoespín. Ed. Grijalbo/Mondadori. México

Mendivil López Leopoldo (2014) Secreto 1929. La Consumación. Ed. Debolsillo. México.