June 29, 2017
Diego Martín Velázquez Caballero
Luis Ernesto Derbez summoned, a few months ago, a Civic Patriotic Alliance that will lead the pragmatic alliance PRIANRD polyprodistant to confront MORENA. In these days, Ricardo Anaya and Alejandra Barrales have given way to the Frente Amplio Oppositor that will invite various tendencies, currents and political cliques and that, most likely, will have as one of the strongest candidates to Rafael Moreno Valle. The historical comparison of this situation with the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera is irresistible. Even in the name there is little originality, the dictator's unique party was called Patriotic Unity. A few Panistas are pleased that Soledad Loaeza indicates to them that their party is developed from hispanic authoritarian projects; but, it is that, the Panistas, they do not know how to do anything else. The dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera was disguised as modernizing, collectivist, developmental and social. However, the reality was that it concentrated the oligarchies and factions as usual caciquiles. In the end, the Spanish decay was not solved and the imminent came to be the 2nd Republic that, again, would betray Spanish fascism in force.
A primorriverista project would not work in Mexico because the international context is different. Spain did not have a neighbor who was on the brink of military invasion, its enemy was internal. Mexico has internal enemies and the situation with its main neighbor is becoming more serious. Mexico needs a democracy, not a stately caste that only knows how to distribute prebends among its friends and partners. The new geopolitical situation between Mexico and the United States demands that our country generate immediate governance and the solution of various problems. We Mexicans must understand that it is necessary to bring order and peace, and we must demand with all forces the governments, even participate in the achievement of it. Mexico will change, or we will see an unprecedented transformation in US foreign policy towards us. The messages and proposals of Donald Trump should be evaluated seriously and not just like the amusements of a madman.
The Mexican political class, precisely located in PRIANRD, can no longer be constituted as a government in the service of evil. They only know how to corrupt and corrupt themselves absolutely. There is the present conflict of the mirreyes generations to weigh the level that has its leadership. The failed State in Mexico has not only transformed our reality into dystopia, pessimism and disappointment become permanent.
Mexico needs honest and nationalist leaders, and there are none of those in PRIANRD. They obey the Holy See, Spain and the United States. Mexico needs a government that provides jobs and education to people. The Creole gentlemen want the money from the treasury for their companies and franchises. They only know how to distribute misery so that people migrate to the United States and continue to rape at their own expense. Mexico needs a New Republic, to inaugurate the Mexican State and to rescue the country.
The Patriotic Civic Alliance or Broad Opposite Front is the same as always. What Manuel Camacho Solis called Fiefs of the Mexican Political System. To them it is due that the State in our country is a State Superseded and that only works through the Inefficiency Planned (Samuel Schmidt). Faced with the current circumstances our country needs the project of a New Republic.
Carlos Ramirez said a few days ago that there is no sociological proposal that works as a real alternative to the future of Mexico. However, it is necessary to point out that characters like Manuel Camacho Solis, at least, had a fundamental idea about what should be done. The essayist work of the extinct character can be considered as the best analysis of the Mexican political system that raises the exhaustion of political empiricism that has prevailed among the ruling class of the country. Clearly explains what needs to be done:
1. Consolidate the State. In order to constitute a greater political power that allows to guide consciously that social development of Mexico in benefit of the nation and the majorities. To achieve this, internal cohesion is much greater than that of the ruling class.
2. A leading group with strong internal cohesion. Camacho stresses the need to form a compact, organized, effective group in terms of clarity and leadership. If a team of this nature were to occupy the neuralgic centers of the economic and political power of the State, there would be the necessary cohesion to direct the political actions according to a fundamental line.
3. Take advantage of the changing conditions of the State. For Camacho, the state is rapidly changing and it is no longer possible to adopt the protectionist measures of populism. This rhythm of changes coupled with the political immobility of the State allow to conclude that there are conditions that can lead to the formation of a compact group capable of cohesion the political actions of the State according to a fundamental political line.
4. Combat the Fiefs. It is necessary to end the hegemony of the fiefs because they prevent to overcome the empiricism prevailing in the conduction of the State. Camachist logic is very simple: we must ally ourselves to fiefs to subtract the political and economic power to others, because if it is not negotiated with some fiefs will join these against and will exercise their hegemony.
5. The Surprise Method. In Manuel Camacho's opinion, it was a matter of maximum security that the compact group would break the mechanics of collaboration that had been in the Revolutionary Family, but this would not be achieved by directly confronting the whole group of groups, but rather by creating conjunctures that would allow immediate allies and ruptures Deep.
Mona de Swaan and Juan Molinar Horcasitas addressed the issue of democratic transition by discussing the index of concentration of power as a phenomenon that distinguished the Hegemonic Party. That is, as long as the president was the official party operator, he controlled governors, legislators, and mayors, alternations would generate divided and juxtaposed governments to generate counterweights to the Executive and the Official Party. What happened is that the PRI's turned to all political parties and there were no governments divided or juxtaposed. What was generated were PRI governments of all political parties. The concentration of power of the Official Party or Revolutionary Family is not combated, if all the candidates are PRI, if they face PRI against PRI. Molinar's text helps to understand how the centrality of the president diminished as the Hegemonic Party lost elections. However, it does not take into account that many of those candidates were expriistas and that, sooner or later, they were not going to play with the democratic rules. The political transference has generated that the priismo extends to the other institutes and, consequently, the transition is not finished. The unity of the Revolutionary Family has not been harmed, in fact it has colonized the other political parties. Right now we are governed PRI of all political parties. The parties win elections with candidates expriistas and, sooner or later, these characters would act with the rules that positioned them: factionalism and cacicazgo.
Democratic consolidation begins in 2000. For these years we should be talking about that society has become habituated to the only game of power. The opposite has happened. From then on, we have seen democratic deinstitutionalization, feudalism and a set of involutions that increasingly make us doubt that the Hegemonic Party System has disappeared.
The political system has been petty, the political parties and the oligarchies that control them, have not wanted to promote those changes that are now necessary to regulate the social pressure that is coming.
We went from a Hegemonic Party system to a Hegemony of the party system and, therefore, society has not been able to influence democracy as it wished. This is probably due to the discrediting of the electoral system that was so effortfully built. The permanence of the old regime has led, among other things, that the factions, mafias and criminal organizations that were part of the so-called "revolutionary family" gained autonomy and multiplied their power. Beyond the political struggle between these factions, the evidence indicates that the Revolutionary Family tries to turn Mexico into a narco-state, or into a mafia state, because of the complicated fabric of organized crime and the apparatus of power.
The situation of the socio-political reality of Mexico has been imposed on the governmental incapacity, hence the state can be observed as Failed or Imperfect. Faced with this, it seems that the parties do not realize that time progresses and ungovernability as well. Powers occupy greater territory and power in the nation.
It is time to rethink the path of Mexican democratization, the Patriotic Unity that the Front Opposition seeks to form only represents the Force of Evil that has the PRI elites distributed by all political institutes. Manuel Camacho Solis and the real military must be studied seriously.